Which Area of Employment Law Do You Need Help In?

Help.law's guide to employment law is an aid to help you understand the rights you have as a worker in the united states. This overview is a general guideline to help you locate the law that covers any specific problem you might have. If you do not find the answers you were looking for it is always a good idea to seek professional legal advice.

The United States Department of Labor enforces over 180 federal laws governing workplace activities.
These laws govern 10 million employers and 125 million workers.

Federal and state governments have produced a number of employment laws that work to protect employees against unfair labor practices, unsafe work environments and illegal discrimination. Unfair treatment in the workplace is protected against by law.

These laws are designed to help regulate all aspects of employment, including:

  • Hiring
  • Wages
  • Hours and salary
  • Discrimination
  • Harassment
  • Employee benefits
  • Paid time off
  • Job applicant and employee testing
  • Privacy

Protective Federal Laws

The Fair Labor Standards Act

This determines the federal minimum wage and overtime pay.

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA)

This oversees pension plans as well as reporting and disclosure requirements.

The Family Medical and Family Leave Act

This act requires employers with over 50 employees to offer their employees access to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave. This could cover:

  • The birth or adoption of a child
  • Serious illness of the employee, spouse, child, or parent
  • Emergencies connected to a relations military service
  • Certain childcare requirements

The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)

This act regulates health and safety conditions in private-sector industries to ensure that work environments do not pose any serious hazards.

Major Laws of the US Department of Labor

Hours and Wages

As stated above, The Fair Labor Standards Act is a federal act that issues standards for wages and overtime pay. The majority of employers in the United States are required to follow what is outlined in the act. It requires employers to pay their employees the federal minimum wage. It also covers the payment of overtime at 1.5 the regular rate for anything over 40 hours. This act restricts the hours that children (under 16) can work, and forbids the employment of children under age 18 in jobs that are ruled as hazardous.

Workplace Health and Safety

The Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act has been designed and implemented by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). This regulatory body covers the majority of health and safety concerns found in private industries. Any employers covered by the OSH Act has a duty to comply with the regulations of the act. Generally, this duty is to provide their employees with tasks and an environment that is free from serious hazards.

Discrimination at Work

Discrimination in the field of employment is dealt with by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The governing body has been set up to combat the various types of discrimination that affect workers in the United States. The link above provides excellent guidance and resources to help those who are dealing with discrimination find a solution.

If you are involved in some kind of employment issue that is affecting your livelihood it can be a good idea to seek legal advice. This Help.Law guide is meant to give you a rough understanding of where you can go and what you can do if you are having trouble in your employment.

If you need advice about how to find the best employment lawyer near you, Help.LAW can connect you with some of the best legal professionals in the industry.


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